It smooths, the capital of Peru, is known also as the " City of the Kings " and it wasfounded by the conqueror Francisco Pizarro On January 18, 1535. It was the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and the biggest and important city of South America during the Spanish regime. After the independence it happened to be the capital of the Republic of Peru. Nowadays, it is the commercial, financial, cultural and political center of the country. Worldwide, the city occupies the fifth place inside the cities most filled with Latin America and is one of 20 bigger metropolitan areas of the world. For his geostrategic importance, it has been defined as a world city of " class thread ".

His capital is the city of Lima, the biggest metropolis of Peru, with 8 million 219 thousand 116 inhabitants, of which 48,6 % would be men and 51,4 % women (estimated for the year 2 010 according to the INEI), distributed in 10 provinces and 171 districts.
Provinces: Lima, Gully, Cajatambo, Sings, Cañete, Huaral, Huarochirí, Huaura, Oyón and Yauyos.
Lima has a territorial surface of 1 ' 285, 215 km2, that include 4,73 km2 of insular oceanic area, is the third party in size in South America after Brazil and Argentina.